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Use of force
 
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Views: 12630 djaguilfoyle
What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning
 
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What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning - STATE RESPONSIBILITY definition - STATE RESPONSIBILITY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The laws of state responsibility are the principles governing when and how a state is held responsible for a breach of an international obligation. Rather than set forth any particular obligations, the rules of state responsibility determine, in general, when an obligation has been breached and the legal consequences of that violation. In this way they are "secondary" rules that address basic issues of responsibility and remedies available for breach of "primary" or substantive rules of international law, such as with respect to the use of armed force. Because of this generality, the rules can be studied independently of the primary rules of obligation. They establish (1) the conditions of actions to qualify as internationally wrongful, (2) the circumstances under which actions of officials, private individuals and other entities may be attributed to the state, (3) general defences to liability and (4) the consequences of liability. Until recently, the theory of the law of state responsibility was not well developed. The position has now changed, with the adoption of the Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts ("Draft Articles") by the International Law Commission (ILC) in August 2001. The Draft Articles are a combination of codification and progressive development. They have already been cited by the International Court of Justice and have generally been well received. Although the articles are general in coverage, they do not necessarily apply in all cases. Particular treaty regimes, such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the European Convention on Human Rights, have established their own special rules of responsibility.
Views: 3283 The Audiopedia
The Responsibility of International Organizations and the International Law Commission
 
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The Responsibility of International Organizations and the International Law Commission: A Conversation between Professors Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and José E. Alvarez, NYU The responsibility of international organizations has been an important concern of the international community for some years. In 2011, the International Law Commission adopted the "Draft Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations." These articles will be debated in the UN General Assembly's Sixth Committee. In addition, cases before the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights (in particular Kadi/Behrami/Al-Skeini/Al-Jedda) have raised significant questions about the human rights obligations of the United Nations as well as member states cooperating with UN actions. Such questions have arisen in the course of implementing UN sanctions or undertaking UN peacekeeping operations. Have the ILC and international judges asked the right questions and reached the right answers with respect to allocating responsibility on the UN? What is the International Law Commission's role in resolving such issues? Prof. Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and Prof. J.E. Alvarez, the Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, addressed these issues in the form of a conversation at New York University School of Law.
Views: 9482 NYU School of Law
How to Use the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law
 
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A comprehensive online resource containing over 1600 peer-reviewed articles on every aspect of public international law, making it the definitive reference work in the discipline. http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL Written and edited by an incomparable team of over 800 scholars and practitioners, published in partnership with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and updated throughout the year, this major reference work is essential for anyone researching or teaching international law. Discover more at http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL (c) Oxford University Press
Sources of International law
 
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According to article 38 of Statute of the International Court of Justice there are five sources of international law. 1. Treaties 2. Customs 3. General Principles of law 4. Judicial Decisions 5. Juristic works
Views: 93749 LAW Notes
Public international law
 
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Public international law concerns the structure and conduct of sovereign states; analogous entities, such as the Holy See; and intergovernmental organizations. To a lesser degree, international law also may affect multinational corporations and individuals, an impact increasingly evolving beyond domestic legal interpretation and enforcement. Public international law has increased in use and importance vastly over the twentieth century, due to the increase in global trade, environmental deterioration on a worldwide scale, awareness of human rights violations, rapid and vast increases in international transportation and a boom in global communications. The field of study combines two main branches: the law of nations (jus gentium) and international agreements and conventions (jus inter gentes). This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 25950 Audiopedia
Public international law | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Public international law 00:00:58 1 History 00:04:20 2 International relations 00:08:00 2.1 Treaties 00:10:23 2.2 Statehood and responsibility 00:15:52 2.3 Territory and the sea 00:17:16 2.4 International organisations 00:17:43 3 Social and economic policy 00:18:21 3.1 Human rights 00:18:53 3.2 Labour law 00:19:38 3.3 Development and finance 00:19:53 3.4 Environmental law 00:20:04 3.5 Trade 00:20:15 4 Conflict and force 00:20:24 4.1 War and armed conflict 00:20:45 4.2 Humanitarian law 00:21:33 4.3 International criminal law 00:21:50 5 Courts and enforcement 00:23:57 5.1 Domestic enforcement 00:25:28 5.2 International bodies 00:30:46 5.3 International courts 00:31:20 5.4 East Africa Community 00:31:44 5.5 Union of South American Nations 00:32:09 5.6 Andean Community of Nations 00:32:42 6 International legal theory 00:36:11 6.1 Terminology 00:38:09 7 Criticisms 00:41:05 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted in relations between nations. It serves as a framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations. International law differs from state-based legal systems in that it is primarily applicable to countries rather than to individual citizens. National law may become international law when treaties permit national jurisdiction to supranational tribunals such as the European Court of Human Rights or the International Criminal Court. Treaties such as the Geneva Conventions may require national law to conform to respective parts. International law is consent-based governance. This means that a state member may choose to not abide by international law, and even to break its treaty. This is an issue of state sovereignty. International laws are consent-based. Violations of customary international law and peremptory norms (jus cogens) can lead to wars.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Rules of war (in a nutshell)
 
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Yes, even wars have laws. To find out more, visit http://therulesofwar.org ******** Rules of War in a Nutshell - script Since the beginning, humans have resorted to violence as a way to settle disagreements. Yet through the ages, people from around the world have tried to limit the brutality of war. It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the First Geneva Convention of 1864,and to the birth of modern International Humanitarian Law. Setting the basic limits on how wars can be fought, these universal laws of war protect those not fighting, as well as those no longer able to. To do this, a distinction must always be made between who or what may be attacked, and who or what must be spared and protected. - CIVILIANS - Most importantly, civilians can never be targeted. To do so is a war crime. “When they drove into our village, they shouted that they were going to kill everyone. I was so scared, I ran to hide in the bush. I heard my mother screaming. I thought I would never see her again.” Every possible care must be taken to avoid harming civilians or destroying things essential for their survival. They have a right to receive the help they need. - DETAINEES - “The conditions prisoners lived in never used to bother me. People like him were the reason my brother was dead. He was the enemy and was nothing to me. But then I realized that behind bars, he was out of action and no longer a threat to me or my family.” The laws of war prohibit torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, whatever their past. They must be given food and water and allowed to communicate with loved ones. This preserves their dignity and keeps them alive. - SICK & WOUNDED - Medical workers save lives, sometimes in the most dangerous conditions. “Several fighters from both sides had been critically wounded in a fierce battle and we were taking them to the closest hospital. At a checkpoint, a soldier threatened us, demanding that we only treat his men. Time was running out and I was afraid they were all going to die.” Medical workers must always be allowed to do their job and the Red Cross or Red Crescent must not be attacked. The sick or wounded have a right to be cared for, regardless of whose side they are on. - LIMITS TO WARFARE - Advances in weapons technology has meant that the rules of war have also had to adapt. Because some weapons and methods of warfare don't distinguish between fighters and civilians, limits on their use have been agreed. In the future, wars may be fought with fully autonomous robots. But will such robots ever have the ability to distinguish between a military target and someone who must never be attacked? No matter how sophisticated weapons become it is essential that they are in line with the rules of war. International Humanitarian Law is all about making choices that preserve a minimum of human dignity in times of war, and makes sure that living together again is possible once the last bullet has been shot.
What is LAW OF THE SEA? What does LAW OF THE SEA mean? LAW OF THE SEA meaning & explanation
 
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✪✪✪✪✪ GET FREE BITCOINS just for surfing the web as you usually do - https://bittubeapp.com/?ref?2JWO9YEAJ ✪✪✪✪✪ ✪✪✪✪✪ The Audiopedia Android application, INSTALL NOW - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wTheAudiopedia_8069473 ✪✪✪✪✪ What is LAW OF THE SEA? What does LAW OF THE SEA mean? LAW OF THE SEA meaning - LAW OF THE SEA definition - LAW OF THE SEA explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Law of the Sea is a body of international law that concerns the principles and rules by which public entities, especially states, interact in maritime matters, including navigational rights, sea mineral rights, and coastal waters jurisdiction. It is the public law counterpart to admiralty law, which concerns private maritime intercourse. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, or "UNCLOS", concluded in 1982 and put into force in 1994, is generally accepted as a codification of customary international law of the sea. Disputes are resolved at the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea (or "ITLOS"), a court in Hamburg. In 2017, ITLOS celebrated 20 years of existence, during which time it had settled some 25 cases. The Tribunal has jurisdiction over all disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, subject to the provisions of article 297 and to the declarations made in accordance with article 298 of the Convention. The judge are derived from a wide variety of nations. With many people worldwide now turning their eyes to an ocean in peril, the Law of the Sea convention turned into a global diplomatic effort to create a basis of laws and principles for all nations to follow concerning the sea and everything it held. The result: A 1982 oceanic constitution, called the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Between New York, USA and Geneva, Switzerland, ambassadors from 165+ countries sat down to trade and barter for their nations' rights. The conference created the standard for a 12-mile territorial sea around a land and allowed it to gain universal acceptance. Within these limits, states are free to enforce any of their own laws or regulations or use any resources. Furthermore, each signatory coastal state is granted an Exclusive Economic Zone (or "EEZ"), in which that state has exclusive rights to fisheries, mineral rights and sea-floor deposits. The Convention allows for "innocent passage" through both territorial waters and the EEZ, meaning merchant ships do not have to avoid such waters, provided they do not do any harm to the country or break any of its laws. Military ships do NOT have the right to pass through another nation's EEZ unless permission is granted. This can cause difficulties for Russia, whose Baltic fleet and Black Sea fleet do not have unobstructed access to the great oceans. By contrast, the USA (which is not a signatory to UNCLOS) has free access to the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, and to the Gulf of Mexico. Because the EEZ is so extensive, ITLOS may need to determine the ocean boundaries between states, as they did in 2012 between Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar). As the Arctic Ocean becomes increasingly important for both navigation and resources, the USA may find it necessary to submit to UNCLOS to clarify the Alaska/Canada border. The Law of the Sea should be distinguished from Maritime Law, which deals with topics such as law of carriage of goods by sea, salvage, collisions, marine insurance and so on. In maritime law disputes, normally at least one party is a private litigant, such an individual or a corporation.
Views: 28480 The Audiopedia
What Makes a Great International Law Article
 
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ASIL's New Professionals Interest Group hosts a luncheon panel to discuss what qualities constitute great international law scholarship. The panel consists of American Journal of International Law (AJIL) editors Dinah Shelton and David P. Stewart, as well as Journal Managing Editor Julie Furgerson.
Views: 1699 asil1906
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
 
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The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states. It was adopted on 22 May 1969 and opened for signature on 23 May 1969. The Convention entered into force on 27 January 1980. The VCLT has been ratified by 114 states as of April 2014. Some countries that have not ratified the Convention, such as the United States, recognize parts of it as a restatement of customary law and binding upon them as such. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 25414 Audiopedia
The 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 
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UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS Simplified Version This simplified version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people. 1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way. 2. Don't Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences. 3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. 4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave. 5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us. 6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you! 7. We're All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly. 8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly. 9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country. 10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do. 11. We're Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true. 12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason. 13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish. 14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe. 15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country. 16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated. 17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason. 18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want. 19. Freedom of Expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people. 20. The Right to Public Assembly. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don't want to. 21. The Right to Democracy. We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders. 22. Social Security. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old. 23. Workers' Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union. 24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax. 25. Food and Shelter for All. We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for. 26. The Right to Education. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn. 27. Copyright. Copyright is a special law that protects one's own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring. 28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world. 29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms. 30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
Views: 331861 CoursesinIreland
ESIL 2016 | The Relevance of International Law in Crisis Situations | 08.09.2016
 
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Pauls Raudseps (Weekly ""IR"") talks The Relevance of International Law in Crisis Situations with H.E. Mr. Edgars Rinkevics, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia.
Views: 91 rgsledu
ESIL 2016 | How International Law Works in Times of Crisis | 08.09.2016
 
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Moderator: Anne van Aaken (University of St. Gallen) Speakers: Judge James Crawford (International Court of Justice Lauri Mälksoo (University of Tartu) Catherine Redgwell (University of Oxford)
Views: 850 rgsledu
Kevin Crow I University of Halle-Wittenberg I “International Law as Evangelism
 
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Kevin Crow (University of Halle-Wittenberg) “International Law as Evangelism: The U.N. ‘Development’ Project’s Ideological Roots in American Christianity” Session 5: The Theological Roots of Western Law Law as Religion, Religion as Law Conference Jerusalem, June 5th–7th, 2017 The Matz Institute for Research in Jewish Law The Aharon Barak Center for Interdisciplinary Legal Research The center for the study of Multiculturalism and Diversity The Moshe Silberg Fund The Harry and Michael Sacher Institute for Legislative Research and Comparative Law The Hebrew University Authority for Research and Development Kevin Crow – Kevin Crow is a Lecturer at the Transnational Economic Law Research Centre of the University of Halle-Wittenberg Law School, and a Research Associate at the Asia School Business. He is the author of several articles on various aspects of international law and is currently completing a Ph.D. thesis at the University of Halle-Wittenberg under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Christian Tietje. His research focuses on the role of 'judgment' and 'belief' in international economic law and international humanitarian law, and most recently, on the private sector’s role in authoring public international law.
Subjects of International Law explained | Lex Animata
 
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Subjects of International Law explained | Lex Animata By Hesham Elrafei https://www.linkedin.com/in/heshamelrafei States and non-State actors like individuals, international organizations, multinational companies and international non-government organizations are regulated by, or subjected to, international law. They are called subjects of international law. These subjects have international legal personality.
Views: 39604 Hesham Elrafei
William Saunders - Human Rights and International Law
 
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Bill Saunders of Americans United For Life discusses Human Rights and How International Law Affects US Courts. He discusses two important documents, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the San Jose Articles of which he is one of the signers of. Don't forget to hit subscribe! The PIE Project http://thePIEproject.org http://www.youtube.com/THEprojectPIE http://www.facebook.com/thePIEproject Americans United for Life http://www.AUL.org http://www.youtube.com/aulvids http://www.facebook.com/AmericansUnitedforLife Twitter: @AUL (http://www.twitter.com/aul) -- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml The San Jose Articles http://www.SanJoseArticles.com/
Views: 196 TheProjectPIE
Prof. Alain PELLET - interview (International Law in a Multipolar World - ASIL 107th Annual Meeting)
 
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http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/default.aspx http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/Enligne.aspx http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/Articles.aspx
Views: 1773 Kawabi
ECHR Lecture
 
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A video lecture on the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). This lecture discusses the background to the Convention, the different types of rights (absolute, limited and qualified) as well as many of the key articles contained in the Convention.
Views: 30291 marcuscleaver
international law Introduction international law article 38of icj complete review
 
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g15uhrIgpJ0 https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=Q84iC2zE6dk https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=ekpcYUDk7xw international law Introduction international law article 38of icj complete review what is article 38 of icj complete intro by mubeen jaffer bhatti advocate international law,law,international,sources of international law,international law for css,international law course,public international law,international law society,private international law,customary international law,theories of international law,concepts of international law,how to study international law,defintion of international law,war crimes for international law,international law (field of study)
Views: 44 MJB Law Online TV
National Security vs. International Law? 11-16-12
 
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The International & National Security Law Practice Group presented this panel during the Federalist Society's 2012 National Lawyers Convention. --Prof. Kenneth Anderson, American University Washington College of Law --Prof. Rosa Brooks, Georgetown University Law Center --Prof. Julian Ku, Professor of Law and Faculty Director of International Programs, Hofstra University School of Law --Prof. Gregory S. McNeal, Associate Professor of Law, Pepperdine University School of Law --Moderator: Prof. John O. McGinnis, Northwestern University School of Law
International law 4rd part
 
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Main articles: Public international law has a special status as law because there is no international police force, and courts (e.g. the International Court of Justice as the primary UN judicial organ) lack the capacity to penalise disobedience. next 5th part
All ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS
 
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Video : All About Human Rights ml Corrections: Fundamental Rights are the basic rights of the people and the charter of rights contained in Part III(Article 12 to 35) of Constitution of India. It guarantees civil liberties such that all Indians can lead their lives in peace and harmony as citizens of India. About Human Rights: The doctrine of human rights has been highly influential within international law, global and regional institutions.Actions by states and non-governmental organisations form a basis of public policy worldwide. The idea of human rights[8]suggests that "if the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of human rights". The strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke considerable scepticism and debates about the content, nature and justifications of human rights to this day. The precise meaning of the term right is controversial and is the subject of continued philosophical debate; while there is consensus that human rights encompasses a wide variety of rights such as the right to a fair trial, protection against enslavement, prohibition of genocide, free speech, or a right to education, there is disagreement about which of these particular rights should be included within the general framework of human rights; some thinkers suggest that human rights should be a minimum requirement to avoid the worst-case abuses, while others see it as a higher standard. Who is "MJ Sir" : ---------------+++++----------------------- Mr. Manmohan Joshi is known as "MJ Sir" among students. Mr. Joshi is an advocate by profession and a teacher by passion, a renowned scholar of law, Author of best seller books, Motivator, thinker, educationist, blogger, youtuber, traveller and entrepreneur. Academic Qualifications: B.Sc., LL.M, MBA Work Experience: As an Entrepreneur: Working as a CEO with Kautilya Academy. As an author: 11 books has been published so far in various subjects of law including two best seller “ Translation and summarization for judicial services” and “121 Legal and Social Essays”. As a research scholar: Till Dec -2017 eleven research papers has been published in various national and international law journals. As a key note speaker : till Dec 2017 delivered lectures in 200 plus colleges in various issues i.e.: Women Empowerment, Career Options, Personality Development, Stress management, Time Management, Goal setting etc. Awards and Achievements: 1) Awarded with Education excellence award 2014', 2015, 2016 and 2017 2) Appreciated by Hon Governor MP for one of his books named “SC and ST Prevention of atrocities act -1989” 3) Utkrisht Lekhan Samman, And Various other awards for his works. Stay connected with Mr Joshi: Email & Contact- [email protected] Facebook: www.facebook.com/manmohanjoshi.09 Twitter: @manmohanjoshi Youtube: www.youtube.com/manmohanjoshi Blog: mannkidiarykepanne.blogspot.com
How to Use Oxford Scholarly Authorities on International Law
 
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Oxford Scholarly Authorities on International Law contains full-text online editions of market-leading reference works and treatises published by Oxford University Press. http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OSAIL Overseen by Consultant Editor, Bruno Simma, Judge at the Iran-US Claims Tribunal and former Judge at the International Court of Justice, OSAIL brings a major new dimension to Oxford's offerings for scholars and practitioners working in public international law. Key texts include Oppenheim, and the Oxford Commentaries on International Law. Discover more at http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OSAIL (c) Oxford University Press
2nd JSS 2017 Lecture 4.1 "State Responsibility" by Sergey Sayapin
 
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Mr. Sayapin is Assistant Professor of International Law and Criminology at KIMEP University and a former Legal Advisor of International Committee of the Red Cross – ICRC. Mr. Sayapin studied International Criminal Law at Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin; Democracy, the Rule of Law and Security at University of Birmingham; International Human Rights Law at University of Essex; Public International Law at University of World Economy and Diplomacy. He is the author of many publications on International Law and member of five International law associations. Mr. Sayapin judged Ukrainian National Jessup Rounds in 2017 and organized several Central Asian moot court competitions on international humanitarian law from 2003 till 2011. Jessup Summer School is a 7day intensive course on mastering of mooting and learning international law (launched in 2016 in Kyiv, Ukraine) Mr. Sayapin held a course “Introduction to Public International Law” consisting of the following lectures (all available here): 1.1: International Law: Foundations, 2.1: Sources of International Law, 3.1: The Development of International Law by International Courts, 4.1: State Responsibility, 5.1 Introduction to International Humanitarian Law.
Views: 880 Jessup Ukraine
Migrants under International Law Lecture 8
 
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What is migrant. IOM Convention on Migrants.
United Nations Convention against Torture
 
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The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world. The Convention requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture in any territory under their jurisdiction, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is reason to believe they will be tortured. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 4507 Audiopedia
Eliav Lieblich
 
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Eliav Lieblich - specializes in public international law, particularly the international law on the use of force and international humanitarian law in non-international conflicts, international human rights law and international organizations. Published many articles, this year he published the book "International Law and Civil Wars: Intervention and Consent" (Routledge, 2013). Exterritory Project Symposiums: The symposiums are an ongoing endeavor, we wish to bring together and distribute a wide range of existing research on Extraterritoriality as well encourage the production of new thought. These lectures are always given in open to the public events, taking place in different places in the world, inviting participants from different disciplines to contribute their interpretation to the concept. The final out come of these will be an edited collection of essays on extraterritoriality, exploring its different manifestations, searching for ways in which the notion of extraterritoriality is imagined, articulated, understood, preformed and generated in different discourses and practices while searching for its critical and conceptual potential.
Views: 191 ruti sela
Conversation With Professor of International Law, Dr. Francis Boyle
 
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Francis Boyle is a professor of international law at the University of Illinois College of Law, with—among many degrees—a PhD in Political Science from Harvard University. See his full biography here: https://law.illinois.edu/faculty-research/faculty-profiles/francis-boyle We recently had the chance to speak on a number of important, current issues, including Syria, Yemen, the DPRK, or North Korea, and the failure of supposedly alternative media. RELATED LINKS: The Haircut: https://youtu.be/2BO83Ig-E8E https://www.patreon.com/posts/interview-with-14579589 Trump threatening the DPRK: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/trump-un-north-korean-leader-suicide-mission-n802596 https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/19/remarks-president-trump-72nd-session-united-nations-general-assembly UN Charter article 33: http://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-vi/index.html Ken Roth tweets: https://twitter.com/kenroth/status/597005125018906625 http://www.brandonturbeville.com/2017/01/that-time-hrws-ken-roth-contradicted.html http://www.handsoffsyriasydney.com/articles/ken-roth-keeps-on-digging/#_blank Amnesty International: Imperialist Tool http://www.countercurrents.org/boyle231012.htm Democracy Now & Counter Punch Shills For War: https://www.democracynow.org/2011/9/14/after_gaddafis_fall_a_revitalized_libya#transcript https://www.globalresearch.ca/democracy-now-and-the-progressive-alternative-media-valued-cheerleaders-for-imperialism-and-war/31874 http://www.wrongkindofgreen.org/2017/05/09/democracy-now-launches-anti-syria-propaganda-campaign/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPp8eKBjcyA https://www.counterpunch.org/2016/10/20/syria-and-the-left-time-to-break-the-silence/ https://gowans.wordpress.com/2016/10/22/the-revolutionary-distemper-in-syria-that-wasnt/ https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/05/05/the-last-men-in-aleppo/ https://www.counterpunch.org/2016/08/26/anti-imperialism-and-the-syrian-revolution/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2017/01/28/those-who-transmit-syrian-voices-are-russian-propagandists-monitors-of-fake-news-negate-syrian-suffering/ Attack on Global Research: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/nato-research-centre-sets-sights-on-canadian-website-over-pro-russian-disinformation/article37015521/ http://www.radio4all.net/files/[email protected]/16-1-NATOsilencingGlobalResearch.mp3 CBC Pushing Long-Debunked Bana Story http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-october-31-2017-1.4378789/7-year-old-syrian-girl-who-tweeted-from-aleppo-shares-her-story-in-new-book-1.4378794 https://www.facebook.com/notes/ken-stone/cbc-continues-child-exploitation-of-bana-alabed-of-syria/1949057578748238/?hc_ref=ARSN4hftjOvn7AkbmyW96XASLoFBSsdR6HJQh7lg0JvMvtECjUdR25GcFh7rUErSWsc https://www.rt.com/op-edge/397339-bana-abed-syria-aleppo-twitter/ https://archive.is/20161203133922/https:/twitter.com/alabedbana/status/781597903924125697 https://twitter.com/AlabedBana/status/916739311176953856 https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=572&v=ydCy4sct1fg http://theduran.com/idlib-school-attack-and-how-the-un-covers-up-actual-war-crimes-citing-al-qaeda-propagandists-in-syria/ Countering War Propaganda: https://www.rt.com/op-edge/408618-syria-war-propaganda-media-west/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2017/09/03/syria-war-diary-what-life-is-like-under-moderate-rebel-rule/ http://www.mintpressnews.com/order-returns-to-western-syria-civilians-recount-horrors-rebel-rule/232380/ http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/07/liberated-homs-residents-challenge-notion-of-revolution/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2014/06/13/homs-we-wanted-to-protect-our-house/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2014/06/24/freedom/ https://www.facebook.com/vanessa.beeley https://twitter.com/VanessaBeeley http://21stcenturywire.com/author/21vbeeley/ http://21stcenturywire.com/2017/12/02/white-helmets-local-councils-uk-fco-financing-terrorism-syria-taxpayer-funds/ Busting Chemical Weapons Claims: https://www.lrb.co.uk/v35/n24/seymour-m-hersh/whose-sarin https://www.welt.de/politik/ausland/article165905578/Trump-s-Red-Line.html Prof. Boyle in Anti-War Panel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OrPE6ZQgEI&feature=youtu.be On Yemen: https://sputniknews.com/middleeast/201703311052146668-us-saudis-yemen-genocide/ http://21stcenturywire.com/2017/09/21/vanessa-beeley-yemen-saudi-us-now-guilty-war-crimes/ http://www.balkanspost.com/article/389/analysis-american-allegations-iranian-missiles-yemen http://www.globalresearch.ca/not-tweetworthy-un-selectively-tweeting-syrian-villages-ignores-foua-kafarya-nubl-zahara/5501694 https://twitter.com/UN/status/916695639072808962 http://21stcenturywire.com/2016/09/06/syria-the-children-of-kafarya-and-foua-are-crying-in-the-dark/
Views: 1538 Eva K Bartlett
Ryan Goodman: Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law
 
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This lecture was hosted by the Murphy Institute's Center for Ethics and Public Affairs at Tulane University on November 15, 2014. Ryan Goodman is the Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Professor of Law at the New York University School of Law, as well a Professor of Politics and Professor of Sociology at NYU. Prior to joining NYU, Professor Goodman was the inaugural Rita E. Hauser Professor of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at Harvard Law School. The author of dozens of articles on public international law, international human rights law, and international relations, Professor Goodman has also published six books and edited volumes, including Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law, with Derek Jinks (Oxford University Press, 2013); International Human Rights, with Philip Alston (Oxford University Press, 2012); and Interrogations, Forced Feedings, and the Role of Health Professionals, with Mindy Jane Roseman (Harvard University Press, 2009). He also is co-editor-in-chief of the national security blog, JustSecurity.org.
An Introduction to Rethinking International Law
 
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As of late, strong questions have surfaced surrounding the future of international law. Is globalisation undermining notions of state sovereignty, ushering in a post-sovereign period of global governance? Is human rights discourse incurably Eurocentric, negating its future as an emancipatory vehicle? Have the latest Anglo-American invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan or NATO's campaign of destruction-cum-protection against Libya rung the death knell of Article 2(4) of the UN Charter? And what of the world economy and the retreat, possibly temporary, from meta-regulatory regimes triggered by the recession and by domestic protectionist pressures (increasingly fomented by chauvinistic populism)? In this course, we will link geopolitics to international law, with the aim of evaluating the interplay between legal, illegal, and extra-legal activities and their impact upon state action. A critical lens will help us appreciate how geopolitical considerations are frequently used by states to justify plunder, often in defiance of international legal obligations. We will conclude with an assessment of legitimacy standards in international law and the place of democracy in possible legal reformation.In the following clip, I explain why I chose to title the course a 'rethink' of international law and provide an overview of the topics that will be covered throughout the semester. In the following clip, I explain why I chose to title the course a 'rethink' of international law and provide an overview of the topics that will be covered throughout the semester.
Views: 1548 mohsenalattar1
Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Planck_Institute_for_Comparative_Public_Law_and_International_Law 00:04:06 Directors 00:04:54 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9060380504681574 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Max Planck Institute for International Law, MPIL) is a legal research institute located in Heidelberg, Germany. It is operated by the Max Planck Society. The institute was founded in 1924 and was originally named the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Foreign and International Public Law and located in Berlin. It later relocated to Heidelberg and received its current name in 1949. The institute currently employs 69 scientific staff and is led by two co-directors, Armin von Bogdandy (since 2002) and Anne Peters (since 2013). It is seated at Heidelberg University's New Campus. The institute is one of the most important research institutions in the German-speaking world in the fields of international law, European law, comparative public law, and for the theoretical frameworks of transnational law. It has traditionally performed important advisory functions for parliaments, administrative organs and courts concerned with questions of public international law, comparative public law and European law. In particular, the institute has provided the German Federal Constitutional Court, the German Bundestag and the German Federal Government with information, expert testimony and counsel, representing the Federal Republic of Germany in several high-profile cases.The institute's directors regularly hold the chairs for international law at the University of Heidelberg Law School. Moreover, the institute's directors traditionally have held outstanding positions in national and international courts and bodies: Hermann Mosler, Justice in the European Court of Human Rights (1959–1976); Justice in the International Court of Justice (1976–1985) Rudolf Bernhardt, President of the European Court of Human Rights (Justice 1981-1998, President 1992-1998) Helmut Steinberger, Justice in the German Federal Constitutional Court (1975–1987), Vice President of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration (2001–2008) Jochen Frowein, Vice President of the European Commission for Human Rights (1977–1993) Rüdiger Wolfrum, President of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Justice since 1996, President 2005-2008) Armin von Bogdandy, President of the European Nuclear Energy Tribunal (Justice since 2001, President since 2006) Anne Peters, Member (substitute) of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) in respect of Germany (since 2011)Former research assistants include Hans-Peter Kaul, sitting vice president of the International Criminal Court, Juliane Kokott, sitting Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, former Justice in the International Court of Justice Carl-August Fleischhauer, and Georg Nolte, present member of the United Nations International Law Commission.With 630.000 volumes, the institute's library contains the largest collection for international law, European law, and public law in Europe. Regular publications by the institute include the "Heidelberg Journal for International Law", the "Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law"; the "Journal of the History of International Law"; the "Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law"; and the semi-annual bibliography "Public International Law". Guests are involved in the institute’s programs, especially symposia, lectures and the weekly meetings of the research staff, as well as various staff-led working groups on specific subject areas.
Views: 37 wikipedia tts
International law| The Italian lawyer Sir Alberico
 
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Main articles: Public international law The Italian lawyer Sir Alberico Gentili, the Father of international law.[142] International law can refer to three things: public international law, private international law or conflict of laws and the law of supranational organisations. next 2nd part
Lawrence Herman, "International Law in a Turbulent World"
 
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LAWRENCE L. HERMAN, Herman & Associates, Toronto, has practiced international trade and investment law both inside government and in the private sector for over 40 years. He spoke on "International Law in a Turbulent World" as part of the 10th Annual Canada-U.S. Law Institute Distinguished Lecture on Monday, November 14, 2016 at 12:30pm in the Faculty of Law's Moot Court Room. Mr, Herman was a member of Canada’s mission to the UN and the GATT in the 1970s. He has acted as counsel for Canada in the International Court of Justice and has appeared in many cases before the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT), NAFTA panels and Canadian courts. He advises governments, government agencies and international organizations. Mr. Herman is regularly listed in international professional reports such as Chambers Global and Lexpert as a leading international practitioner in the field of trade and investment law. In 2012, he was awarded the Lexpert Zenith Award for his contribution to the field. Among other engagements, Mr. Herman is on the Executive Committee of Canada US Law Institute. He is chair of the CITT Advisory Committee and is a Senior Fellow of the C. D. Howe Institute in Toronto. Together with numerous articles in newspapers and in legal and business journals, Mr. Herman is the author of Canadian Trade Remedy Law & Practice (1997); Canadian Trade Law (2008); Export and Import Controls, Sanctions and Other Trade Restrictions (2010).
Views: 181 Western University
Globalization of International Law?
 
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Speaker: Prof. James R. Crawford, University of Cambridge Greetings: Prof. Ron Harris Inaugural Event of the International Law Workshop, Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University 19.5.14
Views: 986 TAUVOD
Thomas Franck Lecture: International Law as a Belief System
 
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This lecture introduces Jean d'Aspremont's new book entitled 'International Law as a Belief System' (Cambridge University Press, 2017). The book makes the claim that international law bears the attributes of a belief system, for the fundamental doctrines (e.g. sources, responsibility, statehood, personality, interpretation jus cogens, etc) around which international legal discourses are articulated invent their origin and dictate their own functioning. According to this expository framework, fundamental doctrines’ invention of their origin and regulation of their functioning are made possible by their representation as rules derived from some key international instruments (e.g. the Statute of the International Court of Justice, the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, and the Articles on State Responsibility, the Reparations Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, etc), thereby allowing the formation and the functioning of fundamental doctrines to be explained by fundamental doctrines themselves.
Views: 908 Jean d'Aspremont
Snyder Lecture: Marc Weller - "Can Law Stop War?"
 
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Marc Weller is Professor of International Law and International Constitutional Studies in the University of Cambridge and the Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law. He is the author, editor or co-editor of some 25 books and a large number of academic journal articles and book chapters.
Views: 861 IU Maurer
Why History Matters: International Law and the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict - (2010)
 
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February 22, 2010 A Starr Forum event & a book talk with Victor Kattan and an introduction by Noam Chomsky Kattan is the author of more than half a dozen scholarly articles on the Arab-Israeli conflict in international law journals. His book "From Coexistence to Conquest: International Law and the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict" was published in June 2009 by Pluto Books. Currently, Kattan is a teaching fellow at the Center for International Studies and Diplomacy at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Some of his previous posts include: research fellow in public international law at British Institute of International and Comparative Law; director and journalist with the London based media watchdog Arab Media Watch; and UN Development Programme TOKTEN consultant in Occupied Palestinian Territories.
Views: 1852 infiniteinfiniteinfi
James Crawford on the ILC Articles on State Responsibility
 
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To watch the full lecture, please go to http://legal.un.org/avl/faculty/Crawford.html Mr. James Crawford, Professor of International Law, Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge
2013 James Crawford Lecture on International Law
 
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"From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect" Presented by Professor Anne Orford UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2011 declared that human protection had become the 'defining purpose of the United Nations in the 21st Century'. Professor Anne Orford, holder of the Michael D Kirby Chair of International Law at Melbourne Law School, will explore the implications of the shift from the language of humanitarian intervention to the responsibility to protect. Dr Emily Crawford will provide a commentary.
History of international law | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of international law 00:01:08 1 Early history 00:02:51 2 Nation-states 00:04:33 3 Hugo Grotius 00:06:26 4 Treaty of Westphalia 00:09:50 5 The League of Nations 00:10:57 6 The postwar era 00:12:19 7 Modern customary international law 00:13:51 8 Modern treaty law 00:15:50 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of international law examines the evolution and development of public international law in both state practice and conceptual understanding. Modern international law developed out of Renaissance Europe and is strongly entwined with the development of western political organisation at that time. The development of European notions of sovereignty and nation states would necessitate the development of methods for interstate relations and standards of behaviour, and these would lay the foundations of what would become international law. However, while the origins of the modern system of international law can be traced back 400 years, the development of the concepts and practises that would underpin that system can be traced back to ancient historical politics and relationships thousands of years old. Important concepts are derived from the practice between Greek city-states and the Roman law concept of ius gentium (which regulated contacts between Roman citizens and non-Roman people). These principles were not universal however. In East Asia, political theory was based not on the equality of states, but rather the cosmological supremacy of the Emperor of China.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
INTERNATIONAL LAW   HAMMAD ALKRTY- a human rights law and legal researcher
 
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what the international law , the resources of Intentional law , what the different between National and international law, how is International law made . for more articles and video in Both languages Arabic and English , please visit Us on the bellow link . thank you [email protected] http://internationallawandglobaleaffairs.weebly.com
Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_World_Approaches_to_International_Law 00:00:36 1 History 00:00:44 1.1 Early origins (Generation I) 00:01:25 1.2 New age movement (Generation II) 00:02:41 2 Objectives 00:03:28 3 Concepts 00:03:37 3.1 Third World 00:04:32 3.2 Approaches 00:05:25 3.3 International Law 00:07:23 4 Scholars 00:07:56 4.1 First Generationsup[50]/sup 00:08:16 4.2 Second Generation 00:08:50 5 Criticism 00:10:11 6 See also 00:10:38 7 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) is a critical school of international legal scholarship and an intellectual and political movement. It is a "broad dialectic opposition to international law", which perceives international law as facilitating the continuing exploitation of the Third World through subordination to the West. TWAIL scholars (known as TWAIL-ers) seek to change what they identify as international law's oppressive aspects, through the re-examination of the colonial foundations of international law.
Views: 52 wikipedia tts
International Law
 
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Leila Sadat is one of the country's leading experts in international and comparative law. She is the author of more than three dozen articles and several books on international criminal law and justice, terrorism, crimes against humanity, French law and European Union Law.
What is OUTER SPACE TREATY? What does OUTER SPACE TREATY mean? OUTER SPACE TREATY meaning
 
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What is OUTER SPACE TREATY? What does OUTER SPACE TREATY mean? OUTER SPACE TREATY meaning - OUTER SPACE TREATY definition - OUTER SPACE TREATY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a treaty that forms the basis of international space law. The treaty was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on 27 January 1967, and entered into force on 10 October 1967. As of January 2017, 105 countries are parties to the treaty, while another 24 have signed the treaty but have not completed ratification. In addition, the Republic of China (Taiwan), which is currently only recognized by 20 UN member states, ratified the treaty prior to the United Nations General Assembly's vote to transfer China's seat to the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1971. The Outer Space Treaty represents the basic legal framework of international space law. Among its principles, it bars states party to the treaty from placing weapons of mass destruction in orbit of Earth, installing them on the Moon or any other celestial body, or otherwise stationing them in outer space. It exclusively limits the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes and expressly prohibits their use for testing weapons of any kind, conducting military maneuvers, or establishing military bases, installations, and fortifications (Article IV). However, the Treaty does not prohibit the placement of conventional weapons in orbit and thus some highly destructive attack strategies such as kinetic bombardment are still potentially allowable. The treaty also states that the exploration of outer space shall be done to benefit all countries and that space shall be free for exploration and use by all the States. The treaty explicitly forbids any government from claiming a celestial resource such as the Moon or a planet. Article II of the Treaty states that "outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means". However, the State that launches a space object retains jurisdiction and control over that object. The State is also liable for damages caused by their space object. Article 6 of the Outer Space Treaty deals with international responsibility, stating that "the activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty" and that States Parties shall bear international responsibility for national space activities whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental entities. As a result of discussions arising from Project West Ford in 1963, a consultation clause was included in Article 9 of the Outer Space Treaty: "A State Party to the Treaty which has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by another State Party in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, may request consultation concerning the activity or experiment."
Views: 3390 The Audiopedia
TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES ✅CONSTITUCIÓN ESPAÑOLA 1978 8️⃣ TÍTULO III CORTES GENERALES
 
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TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES. La Constitución Española de 1978 para opositores. OPOSICIONES ✅Test Constitución Española 👉 https://goo.gl/FynBzf 👈🔖Para 👀 Test y + despliegame👇🏻 👉🏻 Suscribirse: https://goo.gl/fGR6UO 👈🏻 Aún no conoces OPONLINE WEB y te interesa hacer test online? ✅Te explico cómo funciona 👉 https://goo.gl/E9wmwz 👈 ✅Test Constitución Española 👉 https://goo.gl/FynBzf 👈 ✅Ofertas y Promociones vigentes 👉 https://goo.gl/NbQ3RQ 👈 💁LEY: "Constitución Española": https://goo.gl/AXTpWk * TÍTULO III. De las Cortes Generales. ** CAPÍTULO III. De los Tratados Internacionales. Artículo 93 (minuto 0:23) Artículo 94 (minuto 0:49) Artículo 95 (minuto 1:33) Artículo 96 (minuto 1:53) ☑️Accede a los vídeos de la CONSTITUCIÓN ESPAÑOLA como en el BOE: https://goo.gl/QBaFhN 👈🏻 🔎SIGUE EL TEXTO desde la web prepararoposiciones.online: 👉🏻 https://goo.gl/nc41Gj 👈🏻 🎬REPASANDO SIN PAPELES!! Repasa las Leyes Sin Papeles y con tu medio favorito... YouTube!! Repasa mientras preparas la comida, mientras recoges tu habitación, mientras limpias la casa, mientras desayunas... Acepta mi ayuda y SUSCRÍBETE!! ✉️SUSCRIBIRSE A LAS NOTICIAS: 👈 ✅SUSCRIBIRSE A LOS REPASOS: https://goo.gl/fGR6UO 👈 Y no olvides activar las notificaciones: https://goo.gl/3r76Pw 🔔 📚 TEMARIOS OPOSICIONES: https://goo.gl/ZmMFn1 👈🏻 📼+ LISTAS DE REPRODUCCIÓN (LEGISLACIÓN): *Ley 39/2015 del procedimiento administrativo común de las administraciones públicas: https://goo.gl/Qv8JCB *Estatuto Básico Empleado Público: https://goo.gl/uBgsf3 *Ley 40/2015 Régimen Jurídico del Sector Público: https://goo.gl/zvxc4N *Ley del Tribunal Constitucional: https://goo.gl/GIPj67 *La Unión Europea: https://goo.gl/BJkf88 *Ley 50/1997 del Gobierno: https://goo.gl/41ORSY *Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil: https://goo.gl/Nx13HK *Constitución Española 1978: https://goo.gl/Cee1bw 📲ACTIVA LOS SUBTÍTULOS desde un botón que hay en la esquina inferior derecha. No sabes cómo?: https://goo.gl/cuZ2co 🌎WEB http://prepararoposiciones.online 📷INSTAGRAM http://goo.gl/6gds95 ❤️️GOOGLE PLUS https://goo.gl/jJtXrA 🙋FACEBOOK PAGE 👨‍👩‍👧‍👦GRUPO DE FACEBOOK http://goo.gl/E2pFCC 🐦TWITTER http://twitter.com/repasandosinpa COLABORACIONES 📩 [email protected] ☑️CONSTITUCIÓN ESPAÑOLA BOE CONSOLIDADA : https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1978-31229&p=20110927&tn=1 Copyright © 2016 Repasando Sin Papeles #ConstituciónEspañola1978
Views: 12467 REPASANDO SIN PAPELES
What is WAR OF AGGRESSION? What does WAR OF AGGRESSION mean? WAR OF AGGRESSION meaning
 
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What is WAR OF AGGRESSION? What does WAR OF AGGRESSION mean? WAR OF AGGRESSION meaning - WAR OF AGGRESSION definition - WAR OF AGGRESSION explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation. The phrase is distinctly modern and diametrically opposed to the prior legal international standard of "might makes right", under the medieval and pre-historic beliefs of right of conquest. Since the Korean War of the early 1950s, waging such a war of aggression is a crime under the customary international law. Possibly the first trial for waging aggressive war is that of the Sicilian king Conradin in 1268. Wars without international legality (e.g. not out of self-defense nor sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council) can be considered wars of aggression; however, this alone usually does not constitute the definition of a war of aggression; certain wars may be unlawful but not aggressive (a war to settle a boundary dispute where the initiator has a reasonable claim, and limited aims, is one example). In the judgment of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, which followed World War II, "War is essentially an evil thing. Its consequences are not confined to the belligerent states alone, but affect the whole world. To initiate a war of aggression, therefore, is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." Article 39 of the United Nations Charter provides that the UN Security Council shall determine the existence of any act of aggression and "shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security". The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court refers to the crime of aggression as one of the “most serious crimes of concern to the international community”, and provides that the crime falls within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, the Rome Statute stipulates that the ICC may not exercise its jurisdiction over the crime of aggression until such time as the states parties agree on a definition of the crime and set out the conditions under which it may be prosecuted. At the Review Conference in June 11, 2010 a total of 111 State Parties to the Court agreed by consensus to adopt a resolution accepting the definition of the crime and the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction over this crime. The relevant amendments to the Statute, however has not been entered into force yet as of May 14, 2012.
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Interview of Dr Parvez Hassan I Senior Advocate Supreme Court I Environmental Law Expert l Qanoondan
 
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Dr Parvez Hassan (a Patron of the GNHRE) is Senior Partner at Hassan and Hassan (Advocates), Pakistan and a Senior Advocate in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He holds a Doctor of Laws from Harvard University; a Master of Laws from Yale University; and a Bachelor of Laws and Bachelor of Arts from Punjab University. Parvez has a wide range of international awards and honours, including inclusion on the Global 500 Roll of Honour of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) ‘in recognition of outstanding practical achievements in the protection and improvement of the environment’ conferred in Stockholm, Sweden (1991); Honorary Membership of IUCN – The World Conservation Union for ‘outstanding services to conservation of nature and natural resources’ conferred at the IUCN – The World Conservation Congress in Amman, Jordan (2000); the Elizabeth Haub Prize (1998) in recognition of his status as ‘one of the world leaders in Environmental Law’ awarded in Brussels (2000); the 7th International Conference on Environmental Law in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2003, was held against the backdrop of ‘A Tribute to Parvez Hassan’. He was awarded a plaque ‘in recognition of his vision, leadership and commitment to a sustainable world’ and he won the Wolfgang Burhenne Award for his contribution to environmental law, awarded at the IUCN – The World Conservation Congress in Barcelona, Spain (2008). Parvez has extensive affiliations to the Government of Pakistan. He drafted the Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance, 1983 and is a member of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council, 1989 – 1998; 2001 – present. He is a member of the Pakistan Marine Pollution Control Board, 1994; Chair of the IUCN Legal Panel that drafted the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 and, alongside a wide range of other high level affiliations with the government, has pioneered and led environmental protection and sustainable development issues in Pakistan for over three decades. Parvez is also a well-known human rights activist, and as Acting Chairman of the All Pakistan Lawyers National Co-ordination Committee led the lawyers’ movement against General Ziaul Haq in 1983 and was brutalized by the police. He later participated in the lawyers’ movement against General Pervez Musharraf in 2007-2008 and was again brutalized by the police and arrested in November 2007. Parvez has a wide range of past and present regional and international affiliations, including as: Consultant to Asian Development Bank, Manila; Consultant to UN ESCAP, Bangkok; Co-Chairman (with Ambassador Tommy Koh), Advisory Committee, Asia – Pacific Centre for Environmental Law, National University of Singapore; Member of the Asia Pacific Forum on Environment and Development. He was IUCN Regional Councillor for West Asia, 1984 –1987; Deputy Chair of the Commission on Environmental Law, 1989 – 1990; Chair of Commissions, 1993 – 1996; Legal Advisor, 1994 – 1996; Chair, Statutes Review Committee, 1994 – 1996 and was instrumental in the successful adoption of the Revised Statutes by the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Montreal in 1996. He was Member of the Steering Committee, Commission on Environmental Law, 1996 – 2004; Chair of the Commission on Environmental Law, 1990 – 1996, where, under his leadership the IUCN Draft International Covenant on Environment and Development was finalized and launched at the UN General Assembly in 1995. Dr. Hassan also led the establishment of regional capacity building centres for environmental law and was co-founder of the Asia – Pacific Centre of Environmental Law in Singapore. Parvez has twice been nominated as one of two candidates for the IUCN Presidency. Alongside numerous other affiliations, both academic and legal, Parvez has a stunning history of public interest litigation, including the internationally-acclaimed case Shehla Zia vs. WAPDA before the Supreme Court of Pakistan, which upheld the right to a decent environment as covered by the constitutionally protected fundamental rights to life and dignity (1994). In February 2011, Parvez was appointed a Mediator by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in the Lahore Canal Road Widening Dispute which had generated a lot of public interest. The eighteen recommendations made by the Mediation Committee appointed by Parvez, including the declaration of the Lahore Canal Road area as a heritage urban park, were all approved by the Supreme Court in its landmark judgment (2011). Parvez has written numerous articles on environment, law and national affairs in law journals and other publications in the U.S., Europe and Pakistan, and has organized and chaired international law conferences and presented keynote addresses all over the world. Parvez is on the Editorial Board of the Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law and the Journal of Human Rights and the Environment. Parvez has also had over 44 other journal articles published.
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International legal theory | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_legal_theories 00:00:54 1 Classical approaches to international law 00:01:05 1.1 Natural law 00:01:34 1.2 Eclectic or Grotian approach 00:03:11 1.3 Legal positivism 00:05:30 2 International relations – international law approaches 00:06:08 2.1 Realism 00:08:15 2.2 Liberalism 00:09:59 2.3 Rational choice and game theory 00:11:49 2.4 International legal process 00:14:06 3 Policy oriented perspectives 00:14:16 3.1 New Haven School 00:15:38 3.2 Critical Legal Studies 00:16:47 3.3 Central case approach 00:18:42 3.4 Feminist legal theory 00:19:43 3.5 LGBT legal theory 00:21:37 3.6 International law in Ancient Rome 00:23:03 3.7 Third World 00:24:54 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International legal theory comprises a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches used to explain and analyse the content, formation and effectiveness of public international law and institutions and to suggest improvements. Some approaches center on the question of compliance: why states follow international norms in the absence of a coercive power that ensures compliance. Other approaches focus on the problem of the formation of international rules: why states voluntarily adopt international legal norms, that limit their freedom of action, in the absence of a world legislature. Other perspectives are policy oriented; they elaborate theoretical frameworks and instruments to criticize the existing rules and make suggestions on how to improve them. Some of these approaches are based on domestic legal theory, others are interdisciplinary, while others have been developed expressly to analyse international law.
Views: 5 wikipedia tts